Amazing Chisinau Imagery
On November 29 Moldova initiated association agreements with the European Union at a summit in Vilnius dedicated to the European Union’s ‘Eastern Partnership’ countries – ex-Soviet states.
Moldova initialed its Association Agreement with the EU, hoping to have it signed in (spring) 2014. As opposed to Georgia, Moldova did experience pressure from the Kremlin to refrain from initialing it, which included a de facto embargo and veiled threats related to gas supplies, for which Moldova is dependent on Russia. Nevertheless, the country has always stuck to its ambition to initial the agreement, confirming its wishes with a mass demonstration in support of European integration organized by the ruling coalition in Chisinau some weeks ago.
On 15 November the European Commission had also recommended lifting visa requirements for Moldovan citizens who hold biometric passports, as the country has fulfilled requirements for visa-free travel. The commission will present legislation on the issue after the Vilnius summit, but both the European Parliament and EU member states must approve it before it comes into force.
Republic of Moldova hopes to sign the Agreement in September 2014. Once signed and then ratified, R. of Moldova first will couple itself to the European Single Market. After signing and adopting the association agreement with the EU, R. of Moldova intends to continue the process of European integration and might move to a new phase at the next summit of the Eastern Partnership, which will be held in 2015.
It has been announced that the Agreement text will be made public on December 2013, for all Moldovan citizens.
Moldavians and Romanians generally perceived the earth as a disc, and they imagined what existed on the other side. This other earth is imagined as a mirror image of our own, and as a home to creatures called Blajini (gentle/kind-hearted ones). They are described as anthropomorphic and short, occasionally having the head of a rat. They are either described as malicious or as having great respect for God and leading a sinless life. They are considered to fast the year through, and thus doing humans a great service
The Moldavian holiday Paştele Blajinilor (the Easter of the Blajini) is a way to repay them for the advantages they bring. Since they live in isolation, they have no method of knowing when Easter comes. It is for this reason that Romanians eat dyed eggs and let the shells flow downstream, from there they believe they will get to the Apa Sâmbetei, and from there to the Blajini.
Some explain them as the descendants of Adam’s son Seth. Others state that they used to live alongside humans on the earth, but that Moses, seeing his people oppressed by them, parted the waters and, after he and his people had retreated to safety, poured the waters back onto them, sending them to their current abode.
NATO and Moldova relations began in 1992 when Moldova joined the North Atlantic Cooperation Council. However, as Moldova’s neutrality is enshrined in its Constitution and there are no plans for Moldova to join the organization.
Most important events in these relations:
Academy of Sciences of Moldova or Academia de Ştiinţe a Moldovei, established in 1946 and represents the main scientific organization that coordinates research in all areas of science and technology. Gheorghe Duca is the head of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova since February 5, 2004.
The Academy of Sciences of Moldova comprises 6 Sections of Sciences: Economical and Mathematical; Biological, Chemical and Ecological; Physical and Engineering; Medical; Agricultural; Humanities and Arts, brining together in its composition Titular Members, Corresponding Members, Honorary Members, scientific researchers, as well as R&D institutes with the statute of institutional member, profile member and affiliated member, who works in the same field of science and innovation sphere.
In the framework of the Academy of Sciences there are also the Center for Graduate, Post-Graduate Education and Advanced Training, the Center of International Projects, the Center of Information Resources and Networks, the Center of Metrology and Automation of Scientific Researches, the Agency for Innovation and Technological Transfer, the National Fund for Science Support, the Expert Consulting Council, the Central Scientific Library, the Central Scientific Archive, the Publishing-Polygraph Enterprise “Stiinta”, the Printing-House, the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography, experimental enterprises and other scientific-technological structures to ensure the Academy of Sciences activity. By means of the Sections of Sciences the Academy of Sciences of Moldova participates in the scientific-methodical coordination of research activity of the institutes, subordinated to the central public administration authorities.
After achieving independence Republic of Moldova established relations with other European countries. Neutrality and a course for European Union integration define the country’s foreign policy . In 1995 the country was admitted to the Council of Europe.
In addition to its participation in NATO’s Partnership for Peace program, Moldova is also a member state of the:
In 2005, Moldova and the EU established an action plan that sought to improve the collaboration between the two neighboring structures. In this sense the European Union Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine assists the Moldovan and Ukrainian governments in approximating their border and customs procedures to EU standards.
Chisinau: Classical Architecture
A Căpcăun is a creature in Moldavian and Romanian folklore, depicted as an ogre who kidnaps children or young ladies (mostly princesses). It represents evil, as do its counterparts Zmeu and the Balaur. The Romanian word appears to have meant “Dog-head”. According to Romanian folkloric phantasy, the căpcăun has dog head, occasionally with four eyes, with eyes in the nape, or with four legs, but whose key characteristic is anthropophagy.
The term căpcăun also means “Tatar chieftain” or “Turk chieftain”, as well “pagan”. Some linguists believe to be the echo of Turkish term kapkan (kaphan, kapgan), that in some Turkic peoples in the age of migrations was a high noble or administrative rank.
Chisinau: Modern Architecture